Is it permissible to describe Allah, may He be exalted, as planning or plotting?


Does Allah describe Himself as planning or plotting when He says in the verse (interpretation of the meaning): “But I am planning a plan [akeedu kaydan]” [Taariq 86:16].


Praise be to Allah.




The original linguistic meaning of the Arabic word kayd (plan, plot, scheme) is simply planning, but after that the meaning may vary according to the way in which it is used and the context; it may mean planning for a good purpose or scheming for an evil purpose.


Abu Mansoor al-Azhari said:


Kayd means planning, for a negative or positive purpose.


End quote from Tahdheeb al-Lughah (10/327).


See also the answer to question no. 297850.




When Allah, may He be exalted, referred to Himself as planning or plotting against the wrongdoers, this refers to planning for a good and true purpose, to requite the wrongdoers for their planning or scheming for bad purposes. In the case of Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, it is a matter of perfection, even though the word kayd (planning or plotting) may be a shortcoming and blameworthy in the case of people, for Allah, may He be exalted, does not resemble His creation either in His Essence or in His attributes or in His deeds. He, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning): “There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the Hearing, the Seeing” [ash-Shoora 42:11].


Allah, may He be exalted, says regarding the requital of the disbelievers for their scheming and plotting against His believing slaves and their s


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